Archives de catégorie : Communication scientifique

The Use of Social Networking Sites for Scholarly Communication by Emergent Social Scientists: An Affordances Approach

Manco, Alejandra The Use of Social Networking Sites for Scholarly Communication by Emergent Social Scientists: An Affordances Approach. Young Information Scientist, 2019, vol. 4, pp. 17-30. https://doi.org/10.25365/yis-2019-4-2

Objectives — This study aims to explore how early career social sciences researchers and PhD social science students use social networking sites for science communication in Brazil. The central research question is what are the motives and rationale of the researchers for using social networking sites for academic communication. Two sub-questions arise from here: How do these reasons relate to scientific practices and the academic system of Brazil? And which are the main affordances perceived by researchers? Methods — This study is empirically oriented, building upon case studies in Brazil. It makes use of a review of affordances of social media platforms, applying the review to the study of social media as a theoretical foundation. The methodological approach is qualitative, using both interviews and netnography as research methods. Results — The primary motivations for using different Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are all related to connectivity: communication with peers—and, to a lesser degree, to the public and the research participants, updating themselves about their research interests, dissemination of research, checking availability of papers, self-branding, and participation in interest groups. These motivations translate into cross-posting practices and integrated communication strategies—combining online and offline elements—on the different platforms. The main affordances perceived by researchers in this study were related to social affordances or, in other words, social capital processes: availability, scalability, visibility, and multimediality. Conclusions — SNSs have not yet replaced traditional communication channels in the case of early career social science researchers because the academic evaluation systems do yet not include them. The use of SNSs changes according to the affordances early career social sciences researchers see (or fail to see) for each platform. This study identified observable differences according to a researcher’s field of expertise and level of comfort with particular platforms.

Source : https://doi.org/10.25365/yis-2019-4-2

How Frequently are Articles in Predatory Open Access Journals Cited

Björk, Bo-Christer, Sari Kanto-Karvonen, et J. Tuomas Harviainen. « How Frequently are Articles in Predatory Open Access Journals Cited ». arXiv:1912.10228 [cs], 21 décembre 2019. http://arxiv.org/abs/1912.10228.
Predatory journals are Open Access journals of highly questionable scientific quality. Such journals pretend to use peer review for quality assurance, and spam academics with requests for submissions, in order to collect author payments. In recent years predatory journals have received a lot of negative media. While much has been said about the harm that such journals cause to academic publishing in general, an overlooked aspect is how much articles in such journals are actually read and in particular cited, that is if they have any significant impact on the research in their fields. Other studies have already demonstrated that only some of the articles in predatory journals contain faulty and directly harmful results, while a lot of the articles present mediocre and poorly reported studies. We studied citation statistics over a five-year period in Google Scholar for 250 random articles published in such journals in 2014, and found an average of 2,6 citations per article and that 60 % of the articles had no citations at all. For comparison a random sample of articles published in the approximately 25,000 peer reviewed journals included in the Scopus index had an average of 18,1 citations in the same period with only 9 % receiving no citations. We conclude that articles published in predatory journals have little scientific impact.

Publishers’ Responsibilities in Promoting Data Quality and Reproducibility

Hrynaszkiewicz I. (2019) Publishers’ Responsibilities in Promoting Data Quality and Reproducibility. In: . Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/164_2019_290

Scholarly publishers can help to increase data quality and reproducible research by promoting transparency and openness. Increasing transparency can be achieved by publishers in six key areas: (1) understanding researchers’ problems and motivations, by conducting and responding to the findings of surveys; (2) raising awareness of issues and encouraging behavioural and cultural change, by introducing consistent journal policies on sharing research data, code and materials; (3) improving the quality and objectivity of the peer-review process by implementing reporting guidelines and checklists and using technology to identify misconduct; (4) improving scholarly communication infrastructure with journals that publish all scientifically sound research, promoting study registration, partnering with data repositories and providing services that improve data sharing and data curation; (5) increasing incentives for practising open research with data journals and software journals and implementing data citation and badges for transparency; and (6) making research communication more open and accessible, with open-access publishing options, permitting text and data mining and sharing publisher data and metadata and through industry and community collaboration. This chapter describes practical approaches being taken by publishers, in these six areas, their progress and effectiveness and the implications for researchers publishing their work.

Source : https://doi.org/10.1007/164_2019_290

Acceptance rates of scholarly peer-reviewed journals: a literature survey

Björk, Bo-Christer Acceptance rates of scholarly peer-reviewed journals: a literature survey. El profesional de la información, 2019, vol. 28, n. 4. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.jul.07

The acceptance rate of scholarly journals is an important selection criterion for authors choosing where to submit their manuscripts. Unfortunately, information about the acceptance (or rejection rates) of individual journals is seldom available. This article surveys available systematic information and studies of acceptance rates. The overall global average is around 35-40%. There are significant differences between fields of science, with biomedicine having higher acceptance rates compared to for instance the social sciences. Open access journals usually have higher acceptance rates than subscription journals, and this is particularly true for so-called OA mega-journals, which have peer review criteria focusing on sound science only.

Source : https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.jul.07

A librarian perspective on Sci-Hub: the true solution to the scholarly communication crisis is in the hands of the academic community, not librarians


Harrison Ruth, Nobis Yvonne, Oppenheim Charles. « A Librarian Perspective on Sci-Hub: The True Solution to the Scholarly Communication Crisis Is in the Hands of the Academic Community, Not Librarians ». Impact of Social Sciences, 9 novembre 2018, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/11/09/a-librarian-perspective-on-sci-hub-the-true-solution-to-the-scholarly-communication-crisis-is-in-the-hands-of-the-academic-community-not-librarians/.

Sci-Hub is a pirate website that provides free access to millions of research papers otherwise locked behind paywalls. Widespread dissatisfaction with scholarly communications has led many to overlook or dismiss concerns over the site’s legality, praising its disruptive technology and seeing justification in the free access it affords people all over the world. Ruth Harrison, Yvonne Nobis and Charles Oppenheim discuss the challenges Sci-Hub presents to librarians advocating for open access to scholarly content. Sci-Hub perversely enhances the status of prestige publication and its narrow view of what constitutes value in scholarly communications, its users risk causing their libraries to be in breach of licensing agreements, and the site operates with an utter contempt for copyright law that should not be ignored.

Lire la suite : http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/11/09/a-librarian-perspective-on-sci-hub-the-true-solution-to-the-scholarly-communication-crisis-is-in-the-hands-of-the-academic-community-not-librarians/

Être chercheur au 21ème siècle dans un environnement numérique

« La révolution numérique a considérablement modifié l’environnement du chercheur. Avec le développement du libre accès et des archives ouvertes, la surabondance d’informations, la diversité des supports et les mutations concomitantes des modèles juridiques et économiques appliqués à la publication scientifique, le chercheur est confronté à un environnement foisonnant en perpétuelle évolution. Il doit adopter une démarche stratégique pour effectuer ses recherches documentaires afin de dresser un inventaire de l’état de l’art le plus exhaustif possible au sein de cette « infobésité » croissante. Il doit également construire son identité numérique pour valoriser ses travaux et protéger ses droits. Enfin il doit référencer et diffuser largement ses données via des réseaux professionnels et institutionnels. Afin de pouvoir gérer cette complexité, le chercheur du 21ème siècle a besoin de travailler en collaboration avec des experts de l’information scientifique et technique. (…) »

Source > documents.irevues.inist.fr, Rosolen, Serge-Georges, Hugot,Jean-Pierre, Veillerot, Frédéric, Pluchet, Amandine, Bulletin de l’Académie vétérinaire de France, 2018, vol.171 (1), http://documents.irevues.inist.fr/handle/2042/68225

Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?

CHAN, Gayle R.Y.C. (2018) Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2018 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Transform Libraries, Transform Societies in Session 163 – Serials and Other Continuing Resources. http://library.ifla.org/id/eprint/2192

Recent developments in the scholarly communication ecosystem toward open access (OA) have become highly complex in how researchers discover and use information, create, and select publication venues to disseminate their research. Institution policy makers, grant funders, publishers, researchers and libraries are coming to grips with the flux in OA publishing. What is expected is that OA will secure a growing market share, with major funders pushing OA mandates with timelines and publishers launching new OA versus traditional journals. Libraries have a critical role to play in resolving the complexities resulting from the impending ‘flip’ of journals from subscription to OA. The University of Hong Kong (HKU), being the foremost research institution in Asia, has experienced YOY double digit growth in gold open access publications in recent years. From the collection development perspective, there is an urgent need to understand the trend in research output in order to reassess the resources budget allocation and expenditures to accommodate the needed funding support for OA publishing. This paper presents the strategies adopted by HKU in preparing the budget transition toward OA publishing and to strengthen the library’s negotiating power in securing sustainable big deals that factor in support for researchers to go the OA route. The value for money, challenge and risk of committing in multiyear big deals without accounting for publishing expenditures in OA contents will be discussed. Analytics on research output, journal subscription and article publishing expenditures will be used to inform the bigger picture of funding access to scholarly contents.

Source : http://library.ifla.org/id/eprint/2192

Scholarly Metrics Recommendations for Research Libraries: Deciphering the trees in the forest

Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche (LIBER). Scholarly Metrics Recommendations for Research Libraries: Deciphering the trees in the forest, 2018. https://libereurope.eu/blog/2018/06/28/scholarlymetricsreport/

The digital era has brought new and exciting changes to scholarly communication. Modern scientific libraries and information infrastructures are obliged to face these new challenges in a professional way sooner rather than later.The monitoring and execution of policies, the facilitation of Open Access publishing, and support for research data management are but a few examples of adaptation to the digital era. The use of scholarly metrics is also an emerging field for academic libraries, brought on by digital change. To foster this vision, LIBER’s Innovative Metrics Working Group has set out recommendations on how academic libraries and information infrastructures can deal with scholarly metrics, and how to get started with the development of services to support this.

Source : https://libereurope.eu/blog/2018/06/28/scholarlymetricsreport/

La Position scientifique de la France dans le monde 2000-2015

Observatoire des Sciences et Techniques (OST) ; Sachwald, Frédérique, 2018, La Position scientifique de la France dans le monde 2000-2015, 108 p. (Coll. « Conseils supérieurs »). http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68119-la-position-scientifique-de-la-france-dans-le-monde-2000-2015

Ce rapport analyse le positionnement scientifique de la France depuis 2000, en s’appuyant essentiellement sur des données bibliométriques. Se concentrant sur la France et certaines de ses problématiques spécifiques, il offre un traitement approfondi de ses données et prend en compte les publications de l’ensemble des acteurs de la recherche en  France.

Source : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68119-la-position-scientifique-de-la-france-dans-le-monde-2000-2015

Données de la recherche en SHS. Pratiques, représentations et attentes des chercheurs : une enquête à l’Université Rennes 2

Alexandre Serres, Marie-Laure Malingre, Morgane Mignon, Cécile Pierre, Didier Collet. Données de la recherche en SHS. Pratiques, représentations et attentes des chercheurs : une enquête à l’Université Rennes 2 : Rapport ; Annexe 1 : Résultats de l’enquête statistique ; Annexe 2 : Croisements statistiques ; Annexe 3 : Extraits des entretiens ; Synthèse des résultats. . [Rapport de recherche] Université Rennes 2. 2017, 159 p., 47 p., 114 p., 26 p., 23 p. 〈hal-01635186〉

« Quels sont les types de données de recherche collectées, traitées et produites dans une université de lettres et sciences humaines et sociales ? Quelles sont les pratiques des chercheurs en SHS en matière de stockage, d’archivage, de diffusion, de partage de leurs données de recherche ? Quelles sont leurs représentations et leurs définitions des données de recherche, leur position par rapport au libre accès ? Quels sont leurs besoins prioritaires en matière de gestion ou de partage des données de recherche ? Comment perçoivent-ils le bon niveau d’une politique des données ? C’est pour répondre à toutes ces questions qu’une double enquête, statistique et qualitative, a été menée à l’Université Rennes 2 au printemps 2017, enquête portée par l’URFIST (Unité Régionale de Formation à l’Information Scientifique et Technique) de Rennes, la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme en Bretagne et le Service Commun de Documentation Rennes 2, avec le soutien des instances de l’université. (…) »

Lire la suite : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01635186

 

Le défi de l’interopérabilité entre plates-formes pour la construction de savoirs augmentés en sciences humaines et sociales.

« A l’ère numérique, le secteur de la recherche engendre une prolifération de contenus informatisés et garantir un meilleur accès aux résultats de recherche est un objectif qui pourrait paraître aisément réalisable. Pourtant, depuis une décennie, le secteur de la communication scientifique traverse des mutations profondes qui se traduisent par des difficultés pour l’ensemble des acteurs à se positionner dans ce nouveau contexte. L’information se retrouve disséminée au sein de plusieurs plateformes nées sous l’impulsion de différents types d’acteurs qui affichent des positions et intérêts parfois divergents. Dans cet environnement largement distribué, la réalisation de l’interopérabilité devient un enjeu majeur pour un meilleur accès à l’IST, permettant en outre la circulation des données et leur enrichissement. Cette contribution propose d’aborder la question de la circulation et du partage de la littérature scientifique en sciences humaines et sociales en France à partir de données moissonnables par le protocole OAI-PMH. (…) »

Altmetrics: medición de la influencia de los medios en el impacto social de la investigación

Alonso-Arévalo, Julio and Cordón-García, José-Antonio and Maltrás-Barba, Bruno Altmetrics: medición de la influencia de los medios en el impacto social de la investigación. Cuadernos de Documentación Multimedia, 2016, vol. 27, n. 1. http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/CDMU/article/view/52870

Social media is changing the way we interact, present ideas and information and judge the quality of content and contributions. In recent years there have been hundreds of platforms to freely share all kinds of information and connect across networks. These new tools generate activity statistics and interactions among users such as mentions, retweets, conversations, comments on blogs or Facebook; managers references showing popularity ratings of more references shared by other researchers or repositories that generate statistics of visits or downloads of articles. This paper analyzes that have meaning and implications altmetrics, what are its advantages and critical platforms (Almetric.com, ImpactStory, Plos altmetrics, PlumX), reports progress and benefits for authors, publishers and librarians. It concluded that the value of alternative metrics as a complementary tool citation analysis is evident, although it is suggested that you should dig deeper into this issue to unravel the meaning and the potential value of these indicators to assess their potential.

Lire la suite : http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/CDMU/article/view/52870

Les SIC à l’épreuve du digital et des Humanités : des origines, des concepts, des méthodes et des outils

Franck Cormerais, Olivier Le Deuff, Amar Lakel et David Pucheu, « Les SIC à l’épreuve du digital et des Humanités : des origines, des concepts, des méthodes et des outils », Revue française des sciences de l’information et de la communication [En ligne], 8 | 2016, mis en ligne le 23 mars 2016. http://rfsic.revues.org/1820

Résumé

Ce texte examine plusieurs pistes qui expliquent le positionnement des SIC par rapport aux humanités digitales en considérant que leur rôle est à la fois de comprendre (approche théorique) et d’entreprendre (approche pratique), d’observer (approche descriptive), mais aussi de créer (approche pragmatique) avec les instruments de la connaissance. Le temps des humanités digitales implique une position qui ne peut se limiter à l’étude des usages mais nécessite une stratégie renouvelée qui consiste à s’emparer et à produire des recommandations pour la création de nouveaux instruments et dispositifs. Nous présentons une proposition d’orientation voire un programme pour les SIC en trois parties : replacer les SIC dans la perspective pluridisciplinaire de ses origines ; mettre les SIC et ses concepts dans l’orbite d’une nouvelle critique et dans un environnement de données ; dynamiser les SIC par l’engagement d’une R&D outillant les SHS par le tournant numérique.

Lire la suite : http://rfsic.revues.org/1820

Comparing Published Scientific Journal Articles to Their Pre-print Versions

Klein Martin, Broadwell Peter, Farb Sharon E. et Grappone Todd, « Comparing Published Scientific Journal Articles to Their Pre-print Versions », arXiv:1604.05363 [cs], 18 avril 2016. http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.05363

Academic publishers claim that they add value to scholarly communications by coordinating reviews and contributing and enhancing text during publication. These contributions come at a considerable cost: U.S. academic libraries paid $1.7 billion for serial subscriptions in 2008 alone. Library budgets, in contrast, are flat and not able to keep pace with serial price inflation. We have investigated the publishers’ value proposition by conducting a comparative study of pre-print papers and their final published counterparts. This comparison had two working assumptions: 1) if the publishers’ argument is valid, the text of a pre-print paper should vary measurably from its corresponding final published version, and 2) by applying standard similarity measures, we should be able to detect and quantify such differences. Our analysis revealed that the text contents of the scientific papers generally changed very little from their pre-print to final published versions. These findings contribute empirical indicators to discussions of the added value of commercial publishers and therefore should influence libraries’ economic decisions regarding access to scholarly publications.

Lire la suite : http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.05363

Publier : à quel prix ? Étude sur la structuration des coûts de publication pour les revues françaises en SHS

Odile Contat et Anne-Solweig Gremillet, « Publier : à quel prix ? Étude sur la structuration des coûts de publication pour les revues françaises en SHS », Revue française des sciences de l’information et de la communication [En ligne], 7 | 2015, mis en ligne le 13 octobre 2015. http://rfsic.revues.org/1716

Résumé

La publication d’articles dans des revues scientifiques est un enjeu fort pour les institutions de recherche françaises car il s’agit bien d’un vecteur essentiel de la visibilité des travaux des chercheurs et qu’il est fondamental de maximiser l’impact de ces travaux. Cette publication a un coût pour les institutions publiques, que ce soit pour le financement du processus éditorial et de production, ou pour l’achat en bibliothèques et la mise à disposition auprès des chercheurs. Cet article présente les résultats de l’enquête sur les coûts éditoriaux des revues scientifiques menée par le groupe édition de BSN de mars 2014 à janvier 2015 avec pour objectif de collecter une information récente et représentative de la diversité des situations, au sujet des coûts éditoriaux des revues de recherche, afin de faire un état des lieux complet et à jour.

Lire la suite : http://rfsic.revues.org/1716