Archives de catégorie : Acquisitions

Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?

CHAN, Gayle R.Y.C. (2018) Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2018 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Transform Libraries, Transform Societies in Session 163 – Serials and Other Continuing Resources.

Recent developments in the scholarly communication ecosystem toward open access (OA) have become highly complex in how researchers discover and use information, create, and select publication venues to disseminate their research. Institution policy makers, grant funders, publishers, researchers and libraries are coming to grips with the flux in OA publishing. What is expected is that OA will secure a growing market share, with major funders pushing OA mandates with timelines and publishers launching new OA versus traditional journals. Libraries have a critical role to play in resolving the complexities resulting from the impending ‘flip’ of journals from subscription to OA. The University of Hong Kong (HKU), being the foremost research institution in Asia, has experienced YOY double digit growth in gold open access publications in recent years. From the collection development perspective, there is an urgent need to understand the trend in research output in order to reassess the resources budget allocation and expenditures to accommodate the needed funding support for OA publishing. This paper presents the strategies adopted by HKU in preparing the budget transition toward OA publishing and to strengthen the library’s negotiating power in securing sustainable big deals that factor in support for researchers to go the OA route. The value for money, challenge and risk of committing in multiyear big deals without accounting for publishing expenditures in OA contents will be discussed. Analytics on research output, journal subscription and article publishing expenditures will be used to inform the bigger picture of funding access to scholarly contents.

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Academic publisher costs in Finland 2010-2015

Academic publisher costs in Finland 2010-2015, Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland and its Open Science and Research Initiative 2014-2017.

It is rational to collect publisher costs all at once and in aggregate form, so that the benefits obtained would be as large as possible. Transparency of the subscription prices reveal the costs of the publishing model that is based on subscription payments. Author publication charges (APC) were not possible to survey for the present due to too eclectic practices, but it is estimated that in Finland they amount to a total of at least EUR 1 million per year. In the future also APCs will be surveyed more precisely.

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Livre numérique : L’usage peut-il être le moteur de la politique documentaire ? Comparaison France États-Unis

Le Torrec, Mélanie, Nguyen, Claire (dir.). Livre numérique : L’usage peut-il être le moteur de la politique documentaire ? Comparaison France États-Unis. Mémoire d’études, diplôme de conservateur de bibliothèques. Villeubanne : Enssib, 2014.

La politique documentaire du livre numérique est un sujet neuf en bibliothèque universitaire. Objet documentaire hybride, le livre numérique évolue dans un écosystème mouvant. L’acculturation des personnels et des usagers progresse doucement. Pour mieux comprendre son utilisation, par les professionnels et les usagers, 25 bibliothécaires d’établissements de l’enseignement supérieur rançais ont accepté de partager leur expérience de ce nouveau support. Il ressort de ces échanges que le livre numérique ne s’accommode pas des politiques documentaires mises en oeuvre pour les collections de livres imprimées et les revues électroniques. Son intégration en bibliothèque appelle un changement de paradigme, pour fonder une stratégie documentaire plus qu’une politique. Outre-Atlantique, les bibliothèques universitaires se confrontent au marché du livre numérique, en testant des programmes d’acquisitions pilotées par l’usage. Ces méthodes d’acquisitions sont des outils pour appréhender les besoins des lecteurs et concevoir des collections « dynamiques ». Leur déploiement laisse à penser que l’usage pourrait alimenter la stratégie documentaire du livre numérique.

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The acquisition of e-books in the libraries of the Swedish higher education institutions

Maceviciute, E., Borg, M., Kuzminiene R., Konrad, K. (2014). The acquisition of e-books in the libraries of the Swedish higher education institutions. Information Research, 19(2) paper 620.

Introduction. Our aim is to compare the advantages and problems of e-book acquisition identified in research literature to those experienced by two Swedish university libraries.
Method. A literature review was used to identify the main issues related to acquisition of e-books by academic libraries. The data for comparison were collected through case studies in two Swedish universities. Document analysis, interviews and personal experience were used for data collection.
Results. The main drivers of e-book acquisition by Swedish academic libraries are the perceived needs of the users. E-books are regarded as potentially useful for solving some of the problems of library service. A number of challenges and problems identified by the participants in the case studies coincide with those that were derived from the literature review.
Conclusions. The problems of e-book acquisition in academic libraries seem to be common to the economically strong Western countries. University librarians see certain advantages of e-books for their users and libraries. Publishers and academic librarians expect that e-books would not lose the advantages that printed books offered to them. Hence, publishers restrict the usage of e-books to ensure revenues as if from selling individual copies. Librarians try to regain the same level of control over e-book collections as for printed materials.

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Evaluating big deal journal bundles

Bergstrom Theodore C., Courant Paul N., McAfee R. Preston et Williams Michael A., 2014, « Evaluating big deal journal bundles », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 16 juin 2014, p. 201403006.

Large commercial publishers sell bundled online subscriptions to their entire list of academic journals at prices significantly lower than the sum of their á la carte prices. Bundle prices differ drastically between institutions, but they are not publicly posted. The data that we have collected enable us to compare the bundle prices charged by commercial publishers with those of nonprofit societies and to examine the types of price discrimination practiced by commercial and nonprofit journal publishers. This information is of interest to economists who study monopolist pricing, librarians interested in making efficient use of library budgets, and scholars who are interested in the availability of the work that they publish.

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