Tous les articles par Digital library

Using Twitter as a data source: an overview of social media research tools (2019)

Ahmed, Wassim. « Using Twitter as a Data Source: An Overview of Social Media Research Tools (2019) ». Impact of Social Sciences (blog), 18 juin 2019. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2019/06/18/using-twitter-as-a-data-source-an-overview-of-social-media-research-tools-2019/.
Twitter and other social media platforms represent a large and largely untapped resource for social data and evidence. In this post, Wasim Ahmed updates his recurring series on the Impact Blog, to bring you the latest developments in digital methods and methodologies for researching Twitter and other social media platforms.

From symbolic temple to dematerialization: a journey through library architecture from the 20th to the 21st century

Gil-Solés, Daniel. From symbolic temple to dematerialization: a journey through library architecture from the 20th to the 21st century, 2018 Independently Published. [Book]. http://eprints.rclis.org/33978/

This book is the result of the extension and improvement of the article that, with the same title, was published in issue 38 of June 2017 of the digital journal BiD: textos universitaris de biblioteconomia i documentació. This expansion and improvement has consisted in the addition of new sections that complement and deepen the argumentation already expressed in the article, together with the inclusion of new bibliographical references, as well as the presence of an epilogue that, as a kind of philosophical and professional reflection, serves as a conclusion. In addition, a prologue has also been included, by the architect Josep Maria Miró i Gellida -responsible for the Nitidus studios- and who is the author of the future Provincial Public Library of Barcelona, which has yet to be built (and which is one of the oldest and most persistent demands of the librarian collective in Catalonia). As with the publication of the article, the book also aims to establish an evolution in the architecture of libraries throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. This evolution highlights the different transformations that the library buildings have undergone, adapting to different forms, but above all to respond to the different social and cultural realities and also changing characteristics of each period and each historical moment. It proposes an evolution divided into 5 major architectural transformations. For each of these five transformations, one or more paradigmatic libraries from around the world are presented, clearly exemplifying the transformation to which reference is to be made. Each presentation is accompanied by an explanation of its main characteristics in terms of spaces and architecture, to finally argue this decision based on quotations from external sources and also with its own argumentation. It should be noted that quotations from other languages have been translated into Spanish. The result is a chronological and historical evolution that serves to frame and contextualize, ultimately, the fifth and final current transformation of libraries. The book also includes an extensive bibliography that should serve as a starting point for future and new studies on the subject.

Source : http://eprints.rclis.org/33978/

 

6.”inside-out” activities librarians are doing

Tay, Aaron. 6. “inside-out” activities librarians are doing. Musings about librarianship, 2018-12-15. http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2018/12/6-inside-out-activities-librarians-are.htm

With open access gaining ground, the traditional role of academic librarians where they own or acquire access to books and journal articles for their community (the outside-in approach) is likely to decline in importance. Instead librarians are increasingly focusing on “inside-out” approaches.

Lire la suite :
http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2018/12/6-inside-out-activities-librarians-are.htm

A librarian perspective on Sci-Hub: the true solution to the scholarly communication crisis is in the hands of the academic community, not librarians


Harrison Ruth, Nobis Yvonne, Oppenheim Charles. « A Librarian Perspective on Sci-Hub: The True Solution to the Scholarly Communication Crisis Is in the Hands of the Academic Community, Not Librarians ». Impact of Social Sciences, 9 novembre 2018, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/11/09/a-librarian-perspective-on-sci-hub-the-true-solution-to-the-scholarly-communication-crisis-is-in-the-hands-of-the-academic-community-not-librarians/.

Sci-Hub is a pirate website that provides free access to millions of research papers otherwise locked behind paywalls. Widespread dissatisfaction with scholarly communications has led many to overlook or dismiss concerns over the site’s legality, praising its disruptive technology and seeing justification in the free access it affords people all over the world. Ruth Harrison, Yvonne Nobis and Charles Oppenheim discuss the challenges Sci-Hub presents to librarians advocating for open access to scholarly content. Sci-Hub perversely enhances the status of prestige publication and its narrow view of what constitutes value in scholarly communications, its users risk causing their libraries to be in breach of licensing agreements, and the site operates with an utter contempt for copyright law that should not be ignored.

Lire la suite : http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/11/09/a-librarian-perspective-on-sci-hub-the-true-solution-to-the-scholarly-communication-crisis-is-in-the-hands-of-the-academic-community-not-librarians/

A New Text and Data Mining Exception Restrictive vs. Extensive Interpretations of Copyright Limitation

Muto, Gaia Sofia, A New Text and Data Mining Exception Restrictive vs. Extensive Interpretations of Copyright Limitation (September 13, 2017). MIPLC Master Thesis Series (2016/17). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3203296

In this data-driven world, where our perception of reality is indeed digital-mediated, Text and Data Mining (TDM) represents a very helpful tool. This umbrella term describes a wide range of researching techniques able to select and assess enormous quantities of sources, extracting from them new and valuable information. TDM applications are on the rise, and are spreading in many fields, e.g. biomedical research, social media, corporate governance, governmental organizations.

In many cases, TDM presupposes processing, copying and extracting of information that needs to be assessed. Those acts, according to current copyright law, fall within the author’s exclusive rights and therefore require prior authorization. On the contrary, unless an exception applies, unauthorized acts may amount to copyright infringements. As known, in Europe there is a closed list of exceptions, which, in the majority of cases, is optionally implemented.

Whether TDM may be adjusted by one of these exceptions has been discussed over the last decade and has recently led to a new Proposal from the European Commission, on a new digital single market, which among other exceptions, introduces a mandatory and specific exception for TDM.

This dissertation aims to explore copyright issues related to TDM, showing if and how TDM can fit within the current legal framework of rights and limitations. A three-step-test analysis will be provided, justifying the introduction of a more flexible, technology-neutral exception for TDM, in light of the public interest to free access to research information. Lastly the new legislative proposal will be assessed.

Lire la suite :  https://ssrn.com/abstract=3203296

Software Curation in Research Libraries: Practice and Promise

Chassanoff, A., AlNoamany, Y., Thornton, K. and Borghi, J., 2018. Software Curation in Research Libraries: Practice and Promise. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 6(1), p.None. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2239

INTRODUCTION Research software plays an increasingly vital role in the scholarly record. Academic research libraries are in the early stages of exploring strategies for curating and preserving research software, aiming to facilitate support and services for long-term access and use. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM In 2016, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) began offering postdoctoral fellowships in software curation. Four institutions hosted the initial cohort of software curation fellows. This article describes the work activities and research program of the cohort, highlighting the challenges and benefits of doing this exploratory work in research libraries. NEXT STEPS Academic research libraries are poised to play an important role in research and development around robust services for software curation. The next cohort of CLIR fellows is set to begin in fall 2018 and will likely shape and contribute substantially to an emergent research agenda.

Source :
http://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2239

Première étude d’impact de la politique des licences nationales

Inspection générale des bibliothèques, I.G.B. Première étude d’impact de la politique des licences nationales, 2018. Source : http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid134378/premiere-etude-d-impact-de-la-politique-des-licences-nationales.html

Une double actualité conduit les acteurs de l’Information scientifique et technique à s’interroger sur la notion de « licence nationale ». En effet, le marché conclu par l’ABES et Elsevier pour une durée de cinq ans arrive à échéance le 31 décembre 2018 et le projet Istex financé par le Programme d’investissement d’avenir sera clôturé à la même date. Tous deux sont qualifiés de « licence nationale ». Deux autres dispositifs plus récents recourent également à cette appellation : le Plan de soutien à l’édition scientifique et l’infrastructure de recherche Collex-Persée. Ce rapport retracera dans un premier temps les origines de la politique des licences nationales qui sous-tend ces différentes concrétisations, puis analysera ses composants avant de tenter une définition et un premier bilan.

Source : http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid134378/premiere-etude-d-impact-de-la-politique-des-licences-nationales.html

The Open Citations Movement : The Story So Far

Peroni, Silvio. The Open Citations Movement : The Story So Far. 
The 5th Conference on Scholarly Publishing in the
Context of Open Science – PUBMET 2018
20-21 September 2018, Zadar, Croatia, 20/09/2018. https://figshare.com/articles/The_Open_Citations_Movement_the_Story_So_Far/7110653

The Initiative for Open Citations (I4OC) was launched in April 2017 with the purpose of promoting the release of structured, separable, and open citation data. Thanks to the incredible support of a large (and still growing) number of publishers and stakeholders, in one year more than 500 million citations have been released to the public, and are currently used by third parties for building new services to serve the scholarly community.

Source :
https://figshare.com/articles/The_Open_Citations_Movement_the_Story_So_Far/7110653





Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?

CHAN, Gayle R.Y.C. (2018) Scholarly Communication at the Crossroad: From subscription to Open Access?. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2018 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Transform Libraries, Transform Societies in Session 163 – Serials and Other Continuing Resources. http://library.ifla.org/id/eprint/2192

Recent developments in the scholarly communication ecosystem toward open access (OA) have become highly complex in how researchers discover and use information, create, and select publication venues to disseminate their research. Institution policy makers, grant funders, publishers, researchers and libraries are coming to grips with the flux in OA publishing. What is expected is that OA will secure a growing market share, with major funders pushing OA mandates with timelines and publishers launching new OA versus traditional journals. Libraries have a critical role to play in resolving the complexities resulting from the impending ‘flip’ of journals from subscription to OA. The University of Hong Kong (HKU), being the foremost research institution in Asia, has experienced YOY double digit growth in gold open access publications in recent years. From the collection development perspective, there is an urgent need to understand the trend in research output in order to reassess the resources budget allocation and expenditures to accommodate the needed funding support for OA publishing. This paper presents the strategies adopted by HKU in preparing the budget transition toward OA publishing and to strengthen the library’s negotiating power in securing sustainable big deals that factor in support for researchers to go the OA route. The value for money, challenge and risk of committing in multiyear big deals without accounting for publishing expenditures in OA contents will be discussed. Analytics on research output, journal subscription and article publishing expenditures will be used to inform the bigger picture of funding access to scholarly contents.

Source : http://library.ifla.org/id/eprint/2192

Scholarly Metrics Recommendations for Research Libraries: Deciphering the trees in the forest

Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche (LIBER). Scholarly Metrics Recommendations for Research Libraries: Deciphering the trees in the forest, 2018. https://libereurope.eu/blog/2018/06/28/scholarlymetricsreport/

The digital era has brought new and exciting changes to scholarly communication. Modern scientific libraries and information infrastructures are obliged to face these new challenges in a professional way sooner rather than later.The monitoring and execution of policies, the facilitation of Open Access publishing, and support for research data management are but a few examples of adaptation to the digital era. The use of scholarly metrics is also an emerging field for academic libraries, brought on by digital change. To foster this vision, LIBER’s Innovative Metrics Working Group has set out recommendations on how academic libraries and information infrastructures can deal with scholarly metrics, and how to get started with the development of services to support this.

Source : https://libereurope.eu/blog/2018/06/28/scholarlymetricsreport/

Plan national pour la science ouverte

Plan national pour la science ouverte / Ministère de l’enseignement supérieur, de la recherche et de l’innovation, 2018. http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid132529/le-plan-national-pour-la-science-ouverte-les-resultats-de-la-recherche-scientifique-ouverts-a-tous-sans-entrave-sans-delai-sans-paiement.html

Le Plan national pour la science ouverte annoncé par Frédérique Vidal, le 4 juillet 2018, rend obligatoire l’accès ouvert pour les publications et pour les données issues de recherches financées sur projets. Il met en place un Comité pour la science ouverte et soutient des initiatives majeures de structuration du paysage concernant les publications et les données. Enfin, il est doté d’un volet formation et d’un volet international qui sont essentiels à la mobilisation des communautés scientifiques et à l’influence de la France dans ce paysage en cours de constitution.

Source : http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid132529/le-plan-national-pour-la-science-ouverte-les-resultats-de-la-recherche-scientifique-ouverts-a-tous-sans-entrave-sans-delai-sans-paiement.html

Defining data librarianship: a survey of competencies, skills, and training

Federer Lisa, 2018, « Defining data librarianship: a survey of competencies, skills, and training », Journal of the Medical Library Association, 2018, vol. 106, no 3, p. 294‑303. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2018.306

Objectives

Many librarians are taking on new roles in research data services. However, the emerging field of data librarianship, including specific roles and competencies, has not been clearly established. This study aims to better define data librarianship by exploring the skills and knowledge that data librarians utilize and the training that they need to succeed.

Source : http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2018.306

Les coopérations entre chercheurs et bibliothécaires dans le cadre des projets de numérisation de corpus documentaires

Pastore, Graziella. Les coopérations entre chercheurs et bibliothécaires dans le cadre des projets de numérisation de corpus documentaires. Villeurbanne, ENSSIB, 2018. ( Mémoire d’étude DCB). http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68136-les-cooperations-entre-chercheurs-et-bibliothecaires-dans-le-cadre-des-projets-de-numerisation-de-corpus-documentaires

Depuis quelques années, le milieu de la recherche, des bibliothèques et des institutions culturelles porte une attention de plus en plus marquée à l’étude de corpus documentaires, à leur numérisation et à leur exploitation. Les projets de numérisation de corpus reposent sur l’établissement de partenariats, de collaborations ou de contacts plus ou moins étroits entre institutions patrimoniales et de recherche (laboratoires de recherche, archives, bibliothèques, musées, maisons de sciences de l’homme, etc.) et s’adressent à un public varié (chercheurs, étudiants, “grand public”). S’appuyant sur un état des lieux préliminaire et sur les résultats d’une double enquête menée auprès des bibliothécaires et des chercheurs, ce travail souhaite examiner cette situation composite, présenter comment ces projets se construisent et évoluent, les possibles coopérations entre chercheurs et professionnels des bibliothèques, ainsi que le point de vue des chercheurs et des bibliothécaires, afin de repérer les bonnes pratiques à encourager ou à développer, mais aussi les pièges à éviter.

Source : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68136-les-cooperations-entre-chercheurs-et-bibliothecaires-dans-le-cadre-des-projets-de-numerisation-de-corpus-documentaires

La Position scientifique de la France dans le monde 2000-2015

Observatoire des Sciences et Techniques (OST) ; Sachwald, Frédérique, 2018, La Position scientifique de la France dans le monde 2000-2015, 108 p. (Coll. “Conseils supérieurs”). http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68119-la-position-scientifique-de-la-france-dans-le-monde-2000-2015

Ce rapport analyse le positionnement scientifique de la France depuis 2000, en s’appuyant essentiellement sur des données bibliométriques. Se concentrant sur la France et certaines de ses problématiques spécifiques, il offre un traitement approfondi de ses données et prend en compte les publications de l’ensemble des acteurs de la recherche en  France.

Source : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/68119-la-position-scientifique-de-la-france-dans-le-monde-2000-2015

Rapport de l’Inspection générale des bibliothèques 2017

France. Inspection générale des bibliothèques. Rapport de l’Inspection générale des bibliothèques 2017. http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid129681/rapport-de-l-inspection-generale-des-bibliotheques-2017.html

S’inscrivant dans le cadre de la lettre de mission 2016-2017, le présent rapport d’activité présente les conclusions de six études thématiques, de quatre rapports consacrés à des services documentaires d’établissements d’enseignement supérieur, de 13 portant sur des bibliothèques de collectivités territoriales et de trois concernant la politique documentaire d’établissements publics.

Source : http://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/cid129681/rapport-de-l-inspection-generale-des-bibliotheques-2017.html