Tous les articles par Digital library

The Right to E‐read : Position Paper and Statement

EBLIDA: European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations, “The Right to E‐read Position Paper and Statement”, 5 juin 2014

This paper, successor to the EBLIDA paper “E-Publishing and the Challenges for Libraries”, focuses on the issue of e-books and their availability through libraries.

The current developments in the e-books market are dramatically changing the way libraries are working. As well as giving access to a wide range of content from scientific to entertainment literature in all tangible formats (books, CDs, DVDs), since the 1990’s libraries have provided access to content in electronic formats, firstly for journals and now e-books. Initially these developments occurred mainly in academic libraries but nowadays public libraries are very much involved as well. Libraries are in the midst of a transition from managing physical collections that they own to managing connections to e-content provided and owned by others.

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Top trends in academic libraries

Top trends in academic libraries : A review of the trends and issues affecting academic libraries in higher education / ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee, College & Research Libraries News, vol. 75, no. 6, June 2014, p. 294-302.

Every other year, the ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee produces a document on top trends in academic libraries. This year, after numerous discussions and literature reviews, the committee decided upon a unifying theme for current trends: deeper collaboration. The committee found examples of either recent library collaborations or current collaborations within higher education that we believe could benefit from library participation. We focus on the following large categories within higher education: data, device neutral digital services, evolving openness in higher education, student success initiatives, competency-based learning, altmetrics, and digital humanities.

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Evaluer la qualité des archives ouvertes : le certificat DINI

Article de Joachim Schöpfel, Uwe Müller publié dans Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research (ISSN: 1911-9593), Vol 9, No 1 (2014).

L’article présente le certificat DINI, un référentiel pour la certification et l’audit des archives ouvertes, des archives institutionnelles et des plateformes de revues en libre accès, développé par l’Initiative Allemande pour l’Information en Réseau DINI. L’article décrit le contexte, l’objectif et l’historique de ce certificat avant d’exposer sa structure et son contenu. Parmi les huit sections du certificat figurent la visibilité du site, la sécurité de l’information et l’archivage pérenne. La discussion porte sur l’objet du référentiel, sur son influence et sur la nécessité d’une adaptation au contexte francophone. La traduction française du certificat a été publiée en 2012.

The article presents the DINI certificate, standard recommendations for the certification of document and publishing services, i.e. open archives, institutional repositories and platforms for open access journals, developed by the German Initiative for Networked Information DINI. The article describes the context, purpose and history of this certificate before exposing its structure and content. The eight areas include criteria for the visibility of the site, information security and long-term preservation. The article discusses the object of certification, its impact and the need to adapt some recommendations to the French-speaking context. The French translation of the certificate has been published in 2012.

Research libraries’ new role in research data management, current trends and visions in Denmark

Article publié dans la revue LIBER Quarterly : the journal of the association of research libraries, Vol 23, No 4 (2014) par Filip Kruse, Jesper Boserup Thestrup.

The amount of research data is growing constantly, due to new technology with new potentials for collecting and analysing both digital data and research objects. This growth creates a demand for a coherent IT-infrastructure. Such an infrastructure must be able to provide facilities for storage, preservation and a more open access to data in order to fulfil the demands from the researchers themselves, the research councils and research foundations.

This paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF (Danmarks Elektroniske Fag- og Forskningsbibliotek – Denmark’s Electronic research Library)[i] to analyse how the Danish universities store, preserve and provide access to research data. It shows that they do not have a common IT-infrastructure for research data management. This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services.

This development contains several perspectives that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives, the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library’s services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data.

This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

Insights OA Monograph Supplement

Numéro spécial de la revue Insights : the UKSG journal, volume 27, supplement 1/2014, consacré aux monographies en libre-accès, publié le 8 avril 2014 :

Articles :

– Calibrating the parameters: changing hearts and minds about open access monographs

– Open access e-books: the role of the institution

– Open access monographs and the role of the library

– Open access monographs: a humanities research perspective

– The publisher journey for OUP

– Building it together: collaboration in university-based open access book publishing

– ‘The Returned’: on the future of monographic books

– Open access monograph business models

– Snapshots of three open access business models

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Research Information Literacy and Digital Scholarship final report, May 2013

Rapport “Research Information Literacy and Digital Scholarship (RILADS)” Avril 2013, de

Stéphane Goldstein et Charlie Inskip.

This document summarises the work to date (Oct 2012 – Apr 2013) on the RIN / SCONUL information literacy and digital scholarship project known as RILADS ( The aim of the project is to deliver a small number of key outputs contributing to a wider investigation into the support available to students, staff and researchers to enhance digital literacy. This report focuses on the first strand (RIN) looking at the identification and promotion of good practice in information training in UK HE. The promotion strategy, using social networks, print media and personal contact led to the gathering of a long list of 42 potential examples. Questionnaires, informed by the RIDLS criteria for describing and evaluating courses and resources, were sent to named people, predominantly from the area of Academic Library services, involved in delivering and developing these resources. 27 completed forms were returned.

The questions covered three main areas:

  • Who is the course or resource designed for, and why?
  • What knowledge, skills and competencies is the course or resource intended to provide?
  • How is the course or resource delivered?

Faculty information and research needs : A Qualitative Study of Lesley University and Episcopal Divinity School Faculty

Rapport publié le 3 juin 2013 sur le site Scholarship at Lesley, Lesley University Library repository. Faculty information and research needs : A Qualitative Study of Lesley University and Episcopal Divinity School Faculty.

In the summer of 2011, the Library Assessment Workgroup began an investigation into the Lesley University and Episcopal Divinity School faculties’ information needs for research and teaching. By exploring faculty members’ perceptions of the library, and behaviors as researchers and instructors, we hoped to discern how well the library addresses their needs. The resulting project is a qualitative analysis of Lesley University and Episcopal Divinity School faculty members’ use of the library in the research and instruction process. Through twenty-five interviews and 3 focus groups, we studied the information-seeking strategies of forty members of the faculties. The examination focused on three areas: faculty research habits, student research required by the faculty, and faculty perceptions of student research strategies and results.

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Open access / Peter Suber

Open access [Ressource électronique] / Peter Suber. – Cambridge, Mass. ; London : The MIT Press, cop. 2012.(MIT Press essential knowledge series). 

Ouvrage en libre-accès publié sur le site du MIT Press.

The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work “open access”: digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue.

In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn’t, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber’s influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispensable book on the subject for researchers, librarians, administrators, funders, publishers, and policy makers.

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Danish Research Library Association E-book barometer 2012

Rapport publié par la Danish Research Library Association, le 21 mai 2013

Rapport téléchargeable ici :

“The e-book market is still growing – compared to both economy and usage statistics – and the growth is expected to continue, though it is hard to quantify. The growth depends on various pa-rameters, such as users’ demands, publishers’ supply and price policy, as well as a multitude of technical and license challenges.
There are more e-book publishers than ever, probably because more publishers now offer the possi-bility to buy single titles and not only book packages.
Several libraries experiment with Patron Driven Acquisition (PDA) in various individually adjusted solutions, and budgets assigned to this purpose have increased.
The attitude to e-book reader devices has not changed in the past year – they are purchased primar-ily for internal use only and not for loans.
In addition to the increased growth, the general view is that e-books will provide improved service, particularly at libraries which serve geographically scattered localities. The gradual change from printed books to e-books is expected to release more space and resources from process functions to communication. On the other hand, there is a risk that budgets will be hollowed out, particularly in connection with e-reolen and the reduced possibility for interlibrary loan (ILL).”

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Library and Information Services : The Future of the Profession : Themes and scenarios 2025

Document de l’Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) : “Library and Information Services :  The Future of the Profession : Themes and scenarios 2025”, Discussion paper, 1 May 2013, signalé par DocuTicker le 21 mai 2013

“From Executive Summary:

Having looked at the historic and current situation relating to library and information services, and freely-available futurist thinking, we have developed scenarios for school, public, university and TAFE, and special libraries, and collecting institutions under three themes:

The golden age of information

Convergence is an efficiency model. Generally, it means fewer jobs but the positions that are available require people with significant skills.

Connection is good for libraries, it plays to our strengths. In this environment, libraries thrive, although library and information professionals have to step outside their comfort zone.

The golden age of information is coming, the question is whether or not today’s library and information professionals can make it their own. If we can, this era offers highly attractive opportunities for the profession and it opens up the possibility of many more of our members occupying senior positions in government, not-for-profit and commercial enterprises.”

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Economics of scholarly communication in transition

Article publié dans la revue First Monday. Morrison, Heather. 2013. « Economics of Scholarly Communication in Transition ». First Monday 18(6). Consulté juin 5, 2013.

Academic library budgets are the primary source of revenue for scholarly journal publishing. There is more than enough money in the budgets of academic libraries to fund a fully open access scholarly journal publishing system. Seeking efficiencies, such as a reasonable average cost per article, will be key to a successful transition. This paper presents macro–level economic data and analysis illustrating the key factors and potential for cost savings.

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UK Survey of Academics 2012

Publié sur DocuTicker, le 21 mai 2013 : Ithaka S+R | Jisc | RLUK: UK Survey of Academics 2012, May 16, 2013.
Scholarly communications is changing, and changing rapidly. Technological developments have expanded the potential range of dissemination of research and the delivery mechanisms, with researchers expecting any-time, anywhere access. Technology also allows for an expansion of the types of material that can be readily shared–not just articles and monographs, but datasets and software. Policy developments are increasingly focussing on issues surrounding openness, wider public engagement and impact. Funders worldwide are looking to maximise the investment they make in research and are expressing views on how research outputs are shared. The sociology of scholarly communication is also changing. While the importance of ‘formal’ communication through journal articles and monographs is undimmed, there is an increasing use of ‘informal’ channels with ever greater traffic through blogs, wikis, Twitter and even press releases.

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Les effets des big deals

Les effets des “big deals”. Billet publié sur le blog  “Marlene’s corner” le 09/05/2013 :

“The big deal and the damage done” : dans ce dernier ouvrage, Walt Crawford a étudié les dépenses budgétaires des BU américaines sur la période 2000-2010. Il montre de façon flagrante comment les “big deals”, censés au départ aider les bibliothèques à élargir leur offre documentaire électronique pour un surcoût limité, les contraignent désormais à restreindre le reste de leur offre. Quelle que soit la taille de l’établissement, les budgets dédiés aux documents imprimés connaissent une baisse continue, alors que ceux des revues électroniques ne cessent d’augmenter…

L’article “The big deal and the damage done” de Walt Crawford issu de la revue numérique “Cites & insights” Volume 13, Number 7 : July 2013, p.1-6  synthétise les résultats développés dans l’ouvrage du même nom : 

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Are elite journals declining ?

Article déposé le 24 avril 2013 sur l’archive ouverte :

Lariviere, Vincent, George A. Lozano, et Yves Gingras. « Are elite journals declining? » arXiv:1304.6460 (23 avril 2013).

Previous work indicates that over the past 20 years, the highest quality work have been published in an increasingly diverse and larger group of journals. In this paper we examine whether this diversification has also affected the handful of elite journals that are traditionally considered to be the best. We examine citation patterns over the past 40 years of 7 long-standing traditionally elite journals and 6 journals that have been increasing in importance over the past 20 years. To be among the top 5% or 1% cited papers, papers now need about twice as many citations as they did 40 years ago. Since the late 1980s and early 1990s elite journals have been publishing a decreasing proportion of these top cited papers. This also applies to the two journals that are typically considered as the top venues and often used as bibliometric indicators of “excellence”, Science and Nature. On the other hand, several new and established journals are publishing an increasing proportion of most cited papers. These changes bring new challenges and opportunities for all parties. Journals can enact policies to increase or maintain their relative position in the journal hierarchy. Researchers now have the option to publish in more diverse venues knowing that their work can still reach the same audiences. Finally, evaluators and administrators need to know that although there will always be a certain prestige associated with publishing in “elite” journals, journal hierarchies are in constant flux so inclusion of journals into this group is not permanent.

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A longitudinal comparison of citation rates and growth among open access journals

Bo-Christer Björk, Mikael Laakso, David Solomon and others (2013). A longitudinal comparison of citation rates and growth among open access journals. Publié sur le site Research on open access publishing le 23 avril 2013. Lire la suite :

Article accepté pour publication dans Journals of Infometrics

The study documents the growth in the number of journals and articles along with the increase in normalized citation rates of open access (OA) journals listed in the Scopus bibliographic database between 1999 and 2010. Longitudinal statistics on growth in journals/articles and citation rates are broken down by funding model, discipline, and whether the journal was launched or had converted to OA. The data were retrieved from the web sites of SCIMago Journal and Country Rank (journal /article counts), JournalM3trics (SNIP2 values), Scopus (journal discipline) and Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) (OA and funding status). OA journals/articles have grown much faster than subscription journals but still make up less that 12% of the journals in Scopus. Two-year citation averages for journals funded by article processing charges (APCs) have reached the same level as subscription journals. Citation averages of OA journals funded by other means continue to lag well behind OA journals funded by APCs and subscription journals. We hypothesize this is less an issue of quality than due to the fact that such journals are commonly published in languages other than English and tend to be located outside the four major publishing countries.

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