Archives pour la catégorie Ressources électroniques

Mieux partager l’information scientifique pour mieux partager les connaissances : Résultats de l’Enquête sur les usages et les besoins d’IST des Unités de recherche Réalisée auprès des Directrices et Directeurs d’Unités du CNRS

Direction de l’information scientifique et technique (CNRS). Mieux partager l’information scientifique pour mieux partager les connaissances : Résultats de l’Enquête sur les usages et les besoins d’IST des Unités de recherche Réalisée auprès des Directrices et Directeurs d’Unités du CNRS. Mars 2015, 73 p. http://www.cnrs.fr/dist/z-outils/documents/Enqu%C3%AAte%20DU%20-%20DIST%20mars%202015.pdf

A l’heure où la France fait le choix de préparer une loi numérique, le CNRS rassemble dans ce cadre un ensemble de contributions sur les pratiques et le positionnement numérique de la recherche. Ces démarches s’appuient sur la “mission nationale”1 du CNRS en matière d’information scientifique et technique (IST), et sur son rôle moteur dans la publication scientifique.

Lire la suite : http://www.cnrs.fr/dist/z-outils/documents/Enqu%C3%AAte%20DU%20-%20DIST%20mars%202015.pdf

Dynamiques de l’Edition scientifique, de l’Industrie de l’Information, de la Documentation

Direction de l’information scientifique et technique. Dynamiques de l’Edition scientifique, de l’Industrie de l’Information, de la Documentation : un Agenda 2015 pour la science publique ouverte, Meudon – 4 et 5 Novembre 2014. http://www.cnrs.fr/dist/z-outils/documents/actescolloquesdessids.pdf

Ce Colloque est né à la demande des participants de la rencontre : « Innovation et gouvernance de l’IST » (CNRS, Meudon, les 18 et 19 mars 2014). Cette précédente rencontre avait conduit une centaine de représentants de tout l’ESR au constat d’une « hybridation » des usages accompagnant la publication scientifique numérique, hybridation qui atteint aussi bien les résultats publiés (données, articles-ouvrages, analyses) que les supports de publications et les démarches de partage des résultats (revues aux formes traditionnelles et nouvelles, plateformes opérant sous divers statuts…), dans un contexte où la pluralité des opérateurs va croissant (éditeurs nationaux, internationaux, académiques, industriels de l’information, éditeurs et opérateurs de l’Open Access…).
Le besoin d’une orchestration collective des changements en cours avait alors été exprimée : en réponse, ce colloque propose la mise en commun d’un « Agenda 2015 » pour la science en phase avec le riche Agenda National sur le numérique et les plateformes.

Lire la suite : http://www.cnrs.fr/dist/z-outils/documents/actescolloquesdessids.pdf

Scholarly communication within the Library

Taylor & Francis group. Scholarly communication within the Library, juin 2014. http://www.tandf.co.uk/libsite/whitePapers/scholarlyCommunication/

In October 2013, Taylor & Francis commissioned research to examine specifically how libraries can meet user needs and expectations.

The research explored the correlation between physical and virtual library spaces, and any impacts this might have for students and faculty using the library’s resources.

It also examined the extent to which marketing efforts were conducted in libraries and how publishers can help enhance the library/end-user experience.

Lire la suite : http://www.tandf.co.uk/libsite/whitePapers/scholarlyCommunication/

E-Dissertations : Access and Restrictions (EDAR) Survey 2014 Report

Schöpfel Joachim, Prost Hélène, Piotrowski Marjorie, Hilf Eberhard, Severiens Thomas et Grabbe Paul, « E-Dissertations: Access and Restrictions (EDAR) Survey 2014 Report », 25 juillet 2014. http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_01045115

Malgré une politique en faveur du libre accès, un nombre significatif de thèses et
mémoires électroniques (ETD) ne circule pas librement. Même s’ils ne sont pas
confidentielles, leur accès est limité au campus, ou bien, ils sont sous embargo
pendant plusieurs mois ou années. Différentes raisons expliquent ce phénomène : le
choix individuel de l’auteur, des projets de publication, les aspects juridiques ou autre.

Afin de préparer la proposition de ce projet l’équipe d’EDAR a mené une enquête
auprès d’un petit échantillon de bibliothèques universitaires et d’écoles doctorales,
conjointement en France et en Allemagne, afin d’obtenir des données de base pour la
période 2009-2012, sur l’archivage et l’accès aux thèses électroniques. Cette enquête
sera menée à plus grande échelle dans le cadre du projet H2020, mais elle permet déjà
de sensibiliser l’ensemble des acteurs concernés en France et en Allemagne.

Lire la suite : http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_01045115

IFLA 2014 eLending Background Paper

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), 30 juillet 2014. IFLA 2014 eLending Background Paper.
http://www.ifla.org/node/8851

 Issues addressed in the updated eLending paper include:

  • In acknowledgement of the differing interpretations of what is an eBook, reflected in the vastly differing holdings and use statistics reported by libraries, definitions of “eBook” and “eLending” are proposed.
  • Recent trends in the publishing and distribution of ebooks are reviewed
  • Library advocacy efforts with publishers and governments are described
  • Relevant court rulings on digital exhaustion governing how libraries can acquire and deploy eBooks are analysed.

Lire la suite : http://www.ifla.org/node/8851

Adapting the EU Copyright Rules to the Digital Transformation

European Parliamentary Research Service (15/07/2014). Adapting the EU Copyright Rules to the Digital Transformation. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/note/join/2014/536333/IPOL-IMPT_NT(2014)536333_EN.pdf

The initiative to modernise the EU copyright framework was launched in May 2011 in the European Commission’s strategy on “A Single Market for Intellectual Property Rights” and pursuant to actions in the Commission’s Digital Agenda for Europe. In December 2012, the Commission then published a “Communication on Content in the Digital Single Market” in which it aims to complete the review in 2014, followed by legislative reform proposals, as appropriate. Although two new Directives in specific areas of copyright – on orphan works (2012) and on the collective management of copyright (2014) – have since been adopted, a White Paper is now expected, and should be accompanied by an ‘Impact Assessment’, which will in fact be a presentation of detailed policy orientations and options in advance of decisions on specific Commission initiatives (legislative and non-legislative). According to the CWP 2014, its Annexes, and the 2013 Roadmap, the review seeks to achieve a modern framework that fosters innovative practices, creativity, cultural diversity, new business models, guarantees effective recognition and remuneration of rights holders, and enhances legal offers for end users while tackling piracy more effectively.

Lire la suite : http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/note/join/2014/536333/IPOL-IMPT_NT(2014)536333_EN.pdf

Impact of library discovery technologies : a report for UKSG

Impact of library discovery technologies : a report for UKSG / Valérie Spezi, Claire Creaser, Ann O’Brien, Angela Conyers. http://www.uksg.org/researchstudy

The goals of the study were:

  • To evaluate the impact that library discovery technologies (such as link resolvers and web-scale resource discovery services) have on the use of academic resources
  • To provide evidence to determine if there is a case for (a) investment in discovery technologies by libraries and (b) engagement with library discovery technologies by publishers and others in the academic information supply chain (unless no positive impact is found, in which case to provide evidence to this effect)
  • To provide recommendations for actions that libraries, publishers and others in the academic information supply chain should take to engage with such technologies to best support the discovery of resources for teaching, learning and research
  • To identify additional research, data, discussion, initiatives or other activities required that will support the implementation of the findings of this study.

Lire la suite : http://www.uksg.org/researchstudy

The acquisition of e-books in the libraries of the Swedish higher education institutions

Maceviciute, E., Borg, M., Kuzminiene R., Konrad, K. (2014). The acquisition of e-books in the libraries of the Swedish higher education institutions. Information Research, 19(2) paper 620. http://InformationR.net/ir/19-2/paper620.html

Introduction. Our aim is to compare the advantages and problems of e-book acquisition identified in research literature to those experienced by two Swedish university libraries.
Method. A literature review was used to identify the main issues related to acquisition of e-books by academic libraries. The data for comparison were collected through case studies in two Swedish universities. Document analysis, interviews and personal experience were used for data collection.
Results. The main drivers of e-book acquisition by Swedish academic libraries are the perceived needs of the users. E-books are regarded as potentially useful for solving some of the problems of library service. A number of challenges and problems identified by the participants in the case studies coincide with those that were derived from the literature review.
Conclusions. The problems of e-book acquisition in academic libraries seem to be common to the economically strong Western countries. University librarians see certain advantages of e-books for their users and libraries. Publishers and academic librarians expect that e-books would not lose the advantages that printed books offered to them. Hence, publishers restrict the usage of e-books to ensure revenues as if from selling individual copies. Librarians try to regain the same level of control over e-book collections as for printed materials.

Lire la suite : http://InformationR.net/ir/19-2/paper620.html

Evaluating big deal journal bundles

Bergstrom Theodore C., Courant Paul N., McAfee R. Preston et Williams Michael A., 2014, « Evaluating big deal journal bundles », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 16 juin 2014, p. 201403006. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/06/11/1403006111.abstract

Large commercial publishers sell bundled online subscriptions to their entire list of academic journals at prices significantly lower than the sum of their á la carte prices. Bundle prices differ drastically between institutions, but they are not publicly posted. The data that we have collected enable us to compare the bundle prices charged by commercial publishers with those of nonprofit societies and to examine the types of price discrimination practiced by commercial and nonprofit journal publishers. This information is of interest to economists who study monopolist pricing, librarians interested in making efficient use of library budgets, and scholars who are interested in the availability of the work that they publish.

Lire la suite : http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/06/11/1403006111.abstract

Top trends in academic libraries

Top trends in academic libraries : A review of the trends and issues affecting academic libraries in higher education / ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee, College & Research Libraries News, vol. 75, no. 6, June 2014, p. 294-302. http://crln.acrl.org/content/75/6/294.full

Every other year, the ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee produces a document on top trends in academic libraries. This year, after numerous discussions and literature reviews, the committee decided upon a unifying theme for current trends: deeper collaboration. The committee found examples of either recent library collaborations or current collaborations within higher education that we believe could benefit from library participation. We focus on the following large categories within higher education: data, device neutral digital services, evolving openness in higher education, student success initiatives, competency-based learning, altmetrics, and digital humanities.

Lire la suite : http://crln.acrl.org/content/75/6/294.full

Insights OA Monograph Supplement

Numéro spécial de la revue Insights : the UKSG journal, volume 27, supplement 1/2014, consacré aux monographies en libre-accès, publié le 8 avril 2014 : http://uksg.metapress.com/content/l14r18772270/?p=ae62487ac8ff4cd0870086c4d2ed11a4&pi=1

Articles :

– Calibrating the parameters: changing hearts and minds about open access monographs

– Open access e-books: the role of the institution

– Open access monographs and the role of the library

– Open access monographs: a humanities research perspective

– The publisher journey for OUP

– Building it together: collaboration in university-based open access book publishing

– ‘The Returned’: on the future of monographic books

– Open access monograph business models

– Snapshots of three open access business models

Lire la suite : http://uksg.metapress.com/content/l14r18772270/?p=ae62487ac8ff4cd0870086c4d2ed11a4&pi=1

Danish Research Library Association E-book barometer 2012

Rapport publié par la Danish Research Library Association, le 21 mai 2013 http://dfdf.dk/index.php/rapporter3/cat_view/49-2013

Rapport téléchargeable ici : http://dfdf.dk/index.php/rapporter3/doc_download/134-danish-research-library-association-e-book-barometer-2012

“The e-book market is still growing – compared to both economy and usage statistics – and the growth is expected to continue, though it is hard to quantify. The growth depends on various pa-rameters, such as users’ demands, publishers’ supply and price policy, as well as a multitude of technical and license challenges.
There are more e-book publishers than ever, probably because more publishers now offer the possi-bility to buy single titles and not only book packages.
Several libraries experiment with Patron Driven Acquisition (PDA) in various individually adjusted solutions, and budgets assigned to this purpose have increased.
The attitude to e-book reader devices has not changed in the past year – they are purchased primar-ily for internal use only and not for loans.
In addition to the increased growth, the general view is that e-books will provide improved service, particularly at libraries which serve geographically scattered localities. The gradual change from printed books to e-books is expected to release more space and resources from process functions to communication. On the other hand, there is a risk that budgets will be hollowed out, particularly in connection with e-reolen and the reduced possibility for interlibrary loan (ILL).”

Lire la suite : http://dfdf.dk/index.php/rapporter3/doc_download/134-danish-research-library-association-e-book-barometer-2012

Economics of scholarly communication in transition

Article publié dans la revue First Monday. Morrison, Heather. 2013. « Economics of Scholarly Communication in Transition ». First Monday 18(6). Consulté juin 5, 2013. http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/4370/3685

Academic library budgets are the primary source of revenue for scholarly journal publishing. There is more than enough money in the budgets of academic libraries to fund a fully open access scholarly journal publishing system. Seeking efficiencies, such as a reasonable average cost per article, will be key to a successful transition. This paper presents macro–level economic data and analysis illustrating the key factors and potential for cost savings.

Lire la suite : http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/4370/3685

 

 

UK Survey of Academics 2012

Publié sur DocuTicker, le 21 mai 2013 : Ithaka S+R | Jisc | RLUK: UK Survey of Academics 2012, May 16, 2013. http://web.docuticker.com/go/docubase/70117
Scholarly communications is changing, and changing rapidly. Technological developments have expanded the potential range of dissemination of research and the delivery mechanisms, with researchers expecting any-time, anywhere access. Technology also allows for an expansion of the types of material that can be readily shared–not just articles and monographs, but datasets and software. Policy developments are increasingly focussing on issues surrounding openness, wider public engagement and impact. Funders worldwide are looking to maximise the investment they make in research and are expressing views on how research outputs are shared. The sociology of scholarly communication is also changing. While the importance of ‘formal’ communication through journal articles and monographs is undimmed, there is an increasing use of ‘informal’ channels with ever greater traffic through blogs, wikis, Twitter and even press releases.

Lire la suite : http://web.docuticker.com/go/docubase/70117

Les effets des big deals

Les effets des “big deals”. Billet publié sur le blog  “Marlene’s corner” le 09/05/2013 : http://marlenescorner.net/2013/05/09/les-effets-des-big-deals/

“The big deal and the damage done” : dans ce dernier ouvrage, Walt Crawford a étudié les dépenses budgétaires des BU américaines sur la période 2000-2010. Il montre de façon flagrante comment les “big deals”, censés au départ aider les bibliothèques à élargir leur offre documentaire électronique pour un surcoût limité, les contraignent désormais à restreindre le reste de leur offre. Quelle que soit la taille de l’établissement, les budgets dédiés aux documents imprimés connaissent une baisse continue, alors que ceux des revues électroniques ne cessent d’augmenter…

L’article “The big deal and the damage done” de Walt Crawford issu de la revue numérique “Cites & insights” Volume 13, Number 7 : July 2013, p.1-6  synthétise les résultats développés dans l’ouvrage du même nom : http://citesandinsights.info/civ13i7.pdf 

Lire la suite : http://marlenescorner.net/2013/05/09/les-effets-des-big-deals/