Archives de catégorie : Libre accès_Open access

Panorama des ressources disponibles en Open Access – 2014

Billet publié sur Blogus operandi le 21 octobre 2014 : http://blogusoperandi.blogspot.be/2014/10/panorama-des-ressources-disponible-en.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+BlogusOperandi+%28Blogus+operandi%29&utm_content=Netvibes

« Pour l’Open Access Week 2014, le thème est « Open Access for an open generation », une bonne opportunité pour présenter les avantages de l’Open Access à une nouvelle génération de chercheurs désireux de partager le plus efficacement possible les résultats de leurs recherche. »

Lire la suite : http://blogusoperandi.blogspot.be/2014/10/panorama-des-ressources-disponible-en.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+BlogusOperandi+%28Blogus+operandi%29&utm_content=Netvibes

Open Access Infrastructure

Open Access Infrastructure. Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) Summer 2014, volume 26, no. 2. http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2014/v26no2/

Numéro spécial édité par le NISO (National Information Standards Organization)  sur les normes et standards relatifs à la mise en place de projet liés au libre-accès.

Lire la suite :  http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2014/v26no2/

Putting open science into practice : A social dilemma?

Scheliga Kaja, Friesike Sascha, « Putting open science into practice: A social dilemma? », First Monday, 24 août 2014, vol. 19, no 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/fm.v19i9.5381

Digital technologies carry the promise of transforming science and opening up the research process. We interviewed researchers from a variety of backgrounds about their attitudes towards and experiences with openness in their research practices. We observe a considerable discrepancy between the concept of open science and scholarly reality. While many researchers support open science in theory, the individual researcher is confronted with various difficulties when putting open science into practice. We analyse the major obstacles to open science and group them into two main categories: individual obstacles and systemic obstacles. We argue that the phenomenon of open science can be seen through the prism of a social dilemma: what is in the collective best interest of the scientific community is not necessarily in the best interest of the individual scientist. We discuss the possibilities of transferring theoretical solutions to social dilemma problems to the realm of open science.

Lire la suite : http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/fm.v19i9.5381

E-Dissertations : Access and Restrictions (EDAR) Survey 2014 Report

Schöpfel Joachim, Prost Hélène, Piotrowski Marjorie, Hilf Eberhard, Severiens Thomas et Grabbe Paul, « E-Dissertations: Access and Restrictions (EDAR) Survey 2014 Report », 25 juillet 2014. http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_01045115

Malgré une politique en faveur du libre accès, un nombre significatif de thèses et
mémoires électroniques (ETD) ne circule pas librement. Même s’ils ne sont pas
confidentielles, leur accès est limité au campus, ou bien, ils sont sous embargo
pendant plusieurs mois ou années. Différentes raisons expliquent ce phénomène : le
choix individuel de l’auteur, des projets de publication, les aspects juridiques ou autre.

Afin de préparer la proposition de ce projet l’équipe d’EDAR a mené une enquête
auprès d’un petit échantillon de bibliothèques universitaires et d’écoles doctorales,
conjointement en France et en Allemagne, afin d’obtenir des données de base pour la
période 2009-2012, sur l’archivage et l’accès aux thèses électroniques. Cette enquête
sera menée à plus grande échelle dans le cadre du projet H2020, mais elle permet déjà
de sensibiliser l’ensemble des acteurs concernés en France et en Allemagne.

Lire la suite : http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_01045115

The dark side of Open Access in Google and Google Scholar: the case of Latin-American repositories

Orduña-Malea Enrique et Lopez-Cozar Emilio Delgado, 2014, « The dark side of Open Access in Google and Google Scholar: the case of Latin-American repositories », 17 juin 2014, publié sur le site ArXiv.org. http://arxiv-web3.library.cornell.edu/abs/1406.4331

Since repositories are a key tool in making scholarly knowledge open access, determining their presence and impact on the Web is essential, particularly in Google (search engine par excellence) and Google Scholar (a tool increasingly used by researchers to search for academic information). The few studies conducted so far have been limited to very specific geographic areas (USA), which makes it necessary to find out what is happening in other regions that are not part of mainstream academia, and where repositories play a decisive role in the visibility of scholarly production. The main objective of this study is to ascertain the presence and visibility of Latin American repositories in Google and Google Scholar through the application of page count and visibility indicators. For a sample of 137 repositories, the results indicate that the indexing ratio is low in Google, and virtually nonexistent in Google Scholar; they also indicate a complete lack of correspondence between the repository records and the data produced by these two search tools. These results are mainly attributable to limitations arising from the use of description schemas that are incompatible with Google Scholar (repository design) and the reliability of web indicators (search engines). We conclude that neither Google nor Google Scholar accurately represent the actual size of open access content published by Latin American repositories; this may indicate a non-indexed, hidden side to open access, which could be limiting the dissemination and consumption of open access scholarly literature.

Lire la suite : http://arxiv-web3.library.cornell.edu/abs/1406.4331

Top trends in academic libraries

Top trends in academic libraries : A review of the trends and issues affecting academic libraries in higher education / ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee, College & Research Libraries News, vol. 75, no. 6, June 2014, p. 294-302. http://crln.acrl.org/content/75/6/294.full

Every other year, the ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee produces a document on top trends in academic libraries. This year, after numerous discussions and literature reviews, the committee decided upon a unifying theme for current trends: deeper collaboration. The committee found examples of either recent library collaborations or current collaborations within higher education that we believe could benefit from library participation. We focus on the following large categories within higher education: data, device neutral digital services, evolving openness in higher education, student success initiatives, competency-based learning, altmetrics, and digital humanities.

Lire la suite : http://crln.acrl.org/content/75/6/294.full

Evaluer la qualité des archives ouvertes : le certificat DINI

Article de Joachim Schöpfel, Uwe Müller publié dans Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research (ISSN: 1911-9593), Vol 9, No 1 (2014). https://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/2733

L’article présente le certificat DINI, un référentiel pour la certification et l’audit des archives ouvertes, des archives institutionnelles et des plateformes de revues en libre accès, développé par l’Initiative Allemande pour l’Information en Réseau DINI. L’article décrit le contexte, l’objectif et l’historique de ce certificat avant d’exposer sa structure et son contenu. Parmi les huit sections du certificat figurent la visibilité du site, la sécurité de l’information et l’archivage pérenne. La discussion porte sur l’objet du référentiel, sur son influence et sur la nécessité d’une adaptation au contexte francophone. La traduction française du certificat a été publiée en 2012.

The article presents the DINI certificate, standard recommendations for the certification of document and publishing services, i.e. open archives, institutional repositories and platforms for open access journals, developed by the German Initiative for Networked Information DINI. The article describes the context, purpose and history of this certificate before exposing its structure and content. The eight areas include criteria for the visibility of the site, information security and long-term preservation. The article discusses the object of certification, its impact and the need to adapt some recommendations to the French-speaking context. The French translation of the certificate has been published in 2012.

Research libraries’ new role in research data management, current trends and visions in Denmark

Article publié dans la revue LIBER Quarterly : the journal of the association of research libraries, Vol 23, No 4 (2014) par Filip Kruse, Jesper Boserup Thestrup. https://liber.library.uu.nl/index.php/lq/article/view/9173

The amount of research data is growing constantly, due to new technology with new potentials for collecting and analysing both digital data and research objects. This growth creates a demand for a coherent IT-infrastructure. Such an infrastructure must be able to provide facilities for storage, preservation and a more open access to data in order to fulfil the demands from the researchers themselves, the research councils and research foundations.

This paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF (Danmarks Elektroniske Fag- og Forskningsbibliotek – Denmark’s Electronic research Library)[i] to analyse how the Danish universities store, preserve and provide access to research data. It shows that they do not have a common IT-infrastructure for research data management. This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services.

This development contains several perspectives that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives, the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library’s services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data.

This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

Insights OA Monograph Supplement

Numéro spécial de la revue Insights : the UKSG journal, volume 27, supplement 1/2014, consacré aux monographies en libre-accès, publié le 8 avril 2014 : http://uksg.metapress.com/content/l14r18772270/?p=ae62487ac8ff4cd0870086c4d2ed11a4&pi=1

Articles :

– Calibrating the parameters: changing hearts and minds about open access monographs

– Open access e-books: the role of the institution

– Open access monographs and the role of the library

– Open access monographs: a humanities research perspective

– The publisher journey for OUP

– Building it together: collaboration in university-based open access book publishing

– ‘The Returned’: on the future of monographic books

– Open access monograph business models

– Snapshots of three open access business models

Lire la suite : http://uksg.metapress.com/content/l14r18772270/?p=ae62487ac8ff4cd0870086c4d2ed11a4&pi=1

De l’Open data à l’Open research data : quelle(s) politique(s) pour les données de la recherche

Mémoire de fin d’étude du diplôme de conservateur de Rémi Gaillard (janvier 2014) portant sur l’ouverture des métadonnées de la recherche et du rôle que les bibliothécaires ont à jouer dans ce nouveau contexte documentaire, publié dans la bibliothèque numérique du site de l’ENSSIB.

Le mouvement du libre-accès aux publications scientifiques s’élargit de plus en plus aux données de la recherche. Des initiatives pour garantir l’accessibilité et la complète réutilisation de ces données sont prises par une grande diversité d’acteurs – États, agences de financement de la recherche, éditeurs, communautés scientifiques. L’ouverture des données de la recherche est rendue possible par la définition de politiques incitatives ou contraignantes, l’adoption de solutions juridiques et techniques, mais repose avant tout sur de bonnes pratiques de gestion des données. Tandis que la France s’insère progressivement dans la dynamique de l’Open research data, les universités sont appelées à définir leur politique de données. Les bibliothécaires ont un rôle majeur à jouer dans l’élaboration de ces politiques, peuvent contribuer à identifier les besoins des chercheurs et les assister sur le volet « métadonnées ». Aussi, la question de l’ouverture des données de recherche offre une opportunité unique à ces professionnels de la documentation : celle de remodeler, à l’échelle des établissements de recherche, leur(s) lien(s) avec la communauté des chercheurs.

Pour lire la suite : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/64131-de-l-open-data-a-l-open-research-data-quelles-politiques-pour-les-donnees-de-recherche

Open access / Peter Suber

Open access [Ressource électronique] / Peter Suber. – Cambridge, Mass. ; London : The MIT Press, cop. 2012.(MIT Press essential knowledge series). 

Ouvrage en libre-accès publié sur le site du MIT Press. http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/open-access

The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work “open access”: digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue.

In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn’t, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber’s influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispensable book on the subject for researchers, librarians, administrators, funders, publishers, and policy makers.

Lire la suite : http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/open-access

Economics of scholarly communication in transition

Article publié dans la revue First Monday. Morrison, Heather. 2013. « Economics of Scholarly Communication in Transition ». First Monday 18(6). Consulté juin 5, 2013. http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/4370/3685

Academic library budgets are the primary source of revenue for scholarly journal publishing. There is more than enough money in the budgets of academic libraries to fund a fully open access scholarly journal publishing system. Seeking efficiencies, such as a reasonable average cost per article, will be key to a successful transition. This paper presents macro–level economic data and analysis illustrating the key factors and potential for cost savings.

Lire la suite : http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/4370/3685

 

 

Les effets des big deals

Les effets des « big deals ». Billet publié sur le blog  « Marlene’s corner » le 09/05/2013 : http://marlenescorner.net/2013/05/09/les-effets-des-big-deals/

« The big deal and the damage done » : dans ce dernier ouvrage, Walt Crawford a étudié les dépenses budgétaires des BU américaines sur la période 2000-2010. Il montre de façon flagrante comment les « big deals », censés au départ aider les bibliothèques à élargir leur offre documentaire électronique pour un surcoût limité, les contraignent désormais à restreindre le reste de leur offre. Quelle que soit la taille de l’établissement, les budgets dédiés aux documents imprimés connaissent une baisse continue, alors que ceux des revues électroniques ne cessent d’augmenter…

L’article « The big deal and the damage done » de Walt Crawford issu de la revue numérique « Cites & insights » Volume 13, Number 7 : July 2013, p.1-6  synthétise les résultats développés dans l’ouvrage du même nom : http://citesandinsights.info/civ13i7.pdf 

Lire la suite : http://marlenescorner.net/2013/05/09/les-effets-des-big-deals/

A longitudinal comparison of citation rates and growth among open access journals

Bo-Christer Björk, Mikael Laakso, David Solomon and others (2013). A longitudinal comparison of citation rates and growth among open access journals. Publié sur le site Research on open access publishing le 23 avril 2013. Lire la suite : http://www.openaccesspublishing.org/2013/04/27/34/

Article accepté pour publication dans Journals of Infometrics http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S175115771300028

The study documents the growth in the number of journals and articles along with the increase in normalized citation rates of open access (OA) journals listed in the Scopus bibliographic database between 1999 and 2010. Longitudinal statistics on growth in journals/articles and citation rates are broken down by funding model, discipline, and whether the journal was launched or had converted to OA. The data were retrieved from the web sites of SCIMago Journal and Country Rank (journal /article counts), JournalM3trics (SNIP2 values), Scopus (journal discipline) and Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) (OA and funding status). OA journals/articles have grown much faster than subscription journals but still make up less that 12% of the journals in Scopus. Two-year citation averages for journals funded by article processing charges (APCs) have reached the same level as subscription journals. Citation averages of OA journals funded by other means continue to lag well behind OA journals funded by APCs and subscription journals. We hypothesize this is less an issue of quality than due to the fact that such journals are commonly published in languages other than English and tend to be located outside the four major publishing countries.

Lire la suite : http://www.openaccesspublishing.org/2013/04/27/34/